Nag Hammadi papyri,


Collection of more than forty Gnostic documents, unearthed in the mid-1940s near Nag Hammadi in Upper Egypt. According to The Da Vinci Code, these are “the earliest Christian records. Troublingly, they do not match up with the gospels in the Bible” (245-46).

The Nag Hammadi documents do not “match up with the gospels in the Bible”-that much is true. The documents found at Nag Hammadi are not, however, “the earliest Christian records.” The documents in the New Testament were written between AD 40 and 100. Most of the texts at Nag Hammadi were copied between the third and fifth centuries AD. In fact, the oldestdocument at Nag Hammadi is probably Gospel of Thomas, which seems to have been written around AD 140-nearly a half-century later than the latest New Testament text!

Well, this shows, before deciding to believe in anything do your own thorough research work to only follow the truth and gain the maximum benefits, which is also true for your cryptocurrency trading venture. Although the automated platforms like the Bitcoin Trader software are indeed reliable, only when you do a thorough research work you can understand how remarkably they can benefit you!  Back to Nag Hammadi papyri!

Because so much of Dan Brown’s argument in The Da Vinci Code hinges on the dates and contents of these texts, we’ve included a complete listing of the Nag Hammadi documents, with a summary of the contents and the approximate date of each document’s original composition.


Approximate Date of Composition Summary of Contents
Acts of Peter and the Twelve AD 150-250 Tale of a pearl merchant who turns out to be Jesus; not to be confused with the Christian writing Acts of Peter from the late second century
Allogenes AD 300-350 Refers to Gnostics as members of the race of Seth (allogenes means “from another race”)
Apocalypse of Adam AD 160-300 Adam tells Seth how he and Eve became more powerful than their Creator, never explicitly mentions any Christian themes or characters
Apocalypse of James 1 AD 200-300 Supposed dialogue between Jesus and James the brother of Jesus
Apocalypse of James 2 AD 150-180 Supposed dialogue between Jesus and James the brother of Jesus, ending with James’ martyrdom
Apocryphon of James AD 140-160 Mildly Gnostic letter, claiming to come from James the brother of Jesus
Apocryphon of John AD 160-200 Presents the deity of the Old Testament and creator of the physical world as an evil demigod



Approximate Date of Composition Summary of Contents
Asclepius Uncertain Greek philosophicaltractate
Authoritative Teaching AD 150-200 Gnostic tractate, urging people to avoid physical pleasures
Book of Thomas the Contender AD 150-225 Supposed”secret words” spoken by Jesus to Thomas and recorded by Matthias; perhaps connected to the Gospel of Matthias
Concept of Our Great Power AD 300-390 Gnostic description of salvation and of the end of the world
Coptic Apocalypse of Paul AD 160-260, perhaps Describes Paul’s supposed ascension through several levels of heaven
Coptic Apocalypse of Peter AD 250-300 Describes Jesus as if he possessed no physical body
Coptic Gospel of the Egypttians AD 200-300 Presents Jesus as the rein carnation of Seth, third son of Adam and Eve
Dialogue of the Savior AD 150-200 Found only in fragments, which present a consistently negative view of sexuality and of women
Discourse on the Eighth and Ninth AD 150-200 Guide for Gnostics to experience the mystical realm
Epistle of Peter to Philip AD 180-220 Supposed letter, followed by a Gnostic discourse concerning the nature of Jesus Christ



Approximate Date of Composition Summary of Contents
Eugnostos the Blessed Uncertain Presentation of Gnostic cosmology; some elements may be pre-Christian
Exegesis on the Soul AD 200-250 Short story, recounting the Gnostic myth of the soul’s fall from heaven
Gospel of Philip AD 160-300 Collection of Gnostic sayings from several previous writings, apparently reflecting the teachings of Valentinus
Gospel of Thomas AD 130-150 List of supposed sayings of Jesus
Gospel of Truth AD 250-350 Gnostic reworking of the Creation and of the ministry of Jesus
Hypostatis of the Archons AD 250-350 Mythological presentation of Gnostic cosmology
Hypsiphrone Uncertain Fragments of text describe the descent of a heavenly figure similar to Sophia
Interpretation of Knowledge AD 160-200 Valentinian reinterpretation of the teachings of Jesus and Paul
Marsanes AD 200-300 Descriptions of Gnostic experience and rituals
Melchizedek AD 200-300 Fragments of text seem to provide a Gnostic reinterpretation of the Old Testament account of Melchizedek
Origin of the World AD 290-330 Presentation of Gnostic theology



Approximate Date of Composition Summary of Contents
Paraphrase of Shem Uncertain Fragments, presenting a negative view of sexuality
Prayer of Thanksgiving AD 150-250 Brief prayer of gratitude for having received gnosis
Prayer of the Apostle Paul AD 160-300 Brief prayer with similarities to Three Steles of Seth and Gospel of Philip
Republic (Plato) Uncertain Gnostic adaptation of the philosopher Plato’s classic work
Sentences of Sextus Uncertain List of wise sayings
Sophia of Jesus Christ Uncertain, some portions may stem from the late first or early second centuries List of supposed questions from the apostles, to which Jesus provides Gnostic answers; probably an adaptation of Eugnostos
Teachings of Silvanus AD 160-220 Unlike other Nag Hammadi documents, not a Gnostic text; emphasizes spiritual growth through self-denial
Testimony of Truth AD 180-220 Polemic against competing Gnostic groups
Thought of Norea AD 180-240 Depicts a feminine savior, apparently the counterpart of the biblical figure Seth
Three Steles of Seth AD 220-260 Includes many Gnostic hymns and prayers



Approximate Date of Composition Summary of Contents
Thunder, Perfect Mind Uncertain A divine female figure,”Thunder,” sings hymns about herself; not clearly Gnostic, Jewish, or Christian in origin
Treatise of the Great Seth Uncertain Supposedly the words of Jesus to a group of Gnostic believers; Simon of Cyrene is crucified instead of Jesus
Treatise on the Resurrection AD 180-200 Brief letter denying the future physical resurrection of believers
Trimorphic Protennoia AD 160-200 Description of the descent of”the First Thought” of God into the world
Tripartite Tractate AD 200-250 Gnostic description of salvation history and cosmology
Valentinian Exposition on Baptism, Anointing, and the Eucharist AD 150-180 Gnostic reinterpretations of Chrisian rituals
Zostrianos AD 260-300 Description of Gnostic cosmology

See also Apocryphon of John; Bible; canonCoptic Apocalypse of PaulCoptic Apocalypse of PeterCoptic Gospel of the EgyptiansDialogue of the SaviorGnosticismGospel of PhilipGospel of ThomasGospel of Truth; Gospels, canonical.


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